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Refugee Law

 
Legislative initiative for separate act establishing humanitarian visas.
The European Parlament, backed by 429 MEPs, 194 voted against and 41 abstained, upheld legislative initiative for separate act establishing humanitarian visas. The Commission is requested to prepare the legislative proposal till 31 march 2019. 
Surveys alarm that 90% of those granted international protection in EU member states had arrived through irregular means. The European Parlament highlights the role and responsibility of European Union to establish clear lagislative framework for humanitarian visas procedure. 
Those initiative is expected to improve the efficiency of measures to combat human smuggling and prevent drastic death and suffering on the migration routes. Any consulate or embassy of a Member State will assess visa applications  on a prima facie basis. Moreover, the initiative tends to serve for strengthening security within EU member states. According to assumptions „each applicant would be subject to a security screening via the relevant national and European databases to ensure that they do not pose a security risk”. more>>
 
03.12.2018 Danmark

New restrictions for refugees in the finance act 2019 in Danmark. 
Worrying changes toward tightening anti-immigration policies are declared in Denmark. The government and Danish People’s Party have agreed on finance act for 2019. New restrictions for refugees and asylum-seekers are included. Revoking  or denying extension of various residence permit, constraint during border control, more severe punishment for breaking rules by refugee-seekers up to 40 days unconditional prosion, displacement of  „unwanted” imigrants to Lindholm Island, limited access to education for refugee and asylum-seekers children  -  these are few of initiatives proposed by authorities as a continuation  of policy course of tighter migration laws https://goo.gl/ELi7pm  
 
23.11.2018 FRANCE

New law brings positive changes for the integration of refugees
On September 10th 2018, a new law on asylum and migration was adopted in France. With regards to the integration of refugees the law brings some positive changes, with regards to residence permits, language courses or support to access the labour market more>>> 
 
16.11.2018,  MALTA

New residency rights for failed asylum seekers in Malta
The new policy will grant failed asylum seekers, who have demonstrated integration efforts the right to obtain a more stable, two-year residency permit. The Specific Residence Authorisation Policy was launched on 16 November in collaboration between the Ministry for Home Affairs of Malta and National Security and the Parliamentary Secretariat for Reforms, Citizenship and Simplification of Administrative Processes. more>>>
 
29.06.2018, HUNGARY

Hungary passes anti-immigrants "Stop Soros" laws

Hungary’s parliament has passed a series of laws that criminalise any individual or group that offers to help an illegal immigrant claim asylum. The legislation restricts the ability of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to act in asylum cases and was passed in defiance of the European Union and human rights groups. More: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jun/20/hungary-passes-anti-immigrant-stop-soros-laws
 
11.04.2018, FRANCE

New report in France proposes revisiting France’s integration policies 

According to a new report, France’s integration policies need revamping to provide more effective integration pathways for migrants and refugees.
In late 2017 a French Member of Parliament from the ruling party La République en Marche, Aurelien Taché, was commissioned by the Prime Minister, Edouard Philippe, to conduct an in-depth survey of integration policy in France. To do so Taché carried out extensive fieldwork over a period of several months and on this basis he recently published a report containing 72 recommendations for improving the French response to the challenges posed by integrating migrants and refugees. Taché called for a comprehensive policy whereby local, regional and national, government and civil society initiatives function together in a coherent manner. 
Read more: http://www.gouvernement.fr/presentation-du-rapport-d-aurelien-tache-sur-l-integration-des-etrangers-arrivant-en-france
 
23.08.2017, FINLAND

Finnish government plans to change the rules concerning rejected asylum seekers
The country’s Interior Minister says Finland should consider criminalisation of assistance for undocumented migrants. he security establishment continues to suggest legislative changes to the asylum and immigration system in the wake of last stabbings in Turku (18th August), in which a Moroccan man attacked ten people, killing two, before he was shot in the hip and arrested by the police. Interior Minister Paula Risikko said that everything possible should be done to ensure undocumented migrants leave Finland—including the possibly of making it a criminal offence to offer them assistance. Her department is looking for ways to speed up deportations. The government is also considering other ways of making it more difficult for people to reside in Finland without documentation. The ministry is also looking at the idea of establishing special centres for those who have received negative decisions.
Read more: https://yle.fi/uutiset/osasto/news/interior_minister_says_finland_should_consider_criminalisation_of_assistance_for_undocumented_migrants/9792963
 
01.08.2017, SWEDEN

Sweden implements new rules to examine asylum seekers’ age
Each asylum seeker undergoes two examinations:  X-ray examination of wisdom teeth and knee joint magnetic camera survey.  After each survey, several medical experts make independent analyses of the degree of maturity of wisdom teeth and knee joint. The National Board of Forensic Medicine introduced medical age assessments for cases of asylum seekers in mid-March 2017.
More: https://www.rmv.se/aktuellt/det-visar-tre-manader-av-medicinska-aldersbedomningar/
 
27.07.2017, FRANCE

French government and President unveiled migration plan
President Emanuelle Macron announces the plan to process asylum applications in Libya. France will set up processing centers in Libya to prevent migrants from making the perilous trip across the Mediterranean to get to European shores, President announced. He added that his government will begin implementation this summer “with or without Europe.” Also, French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe presented the government’s migration policy plans, including stricter law enforcement and returns of rejected asylum seekers.
More: http://www.politico.eu/article/macron-announces-plan-to-process-asylum-applications-in-libya/
http://www.politico.eu/article/edouard-philippe-france-will-maintain-border-controls-until-november/
 
11.05.2017 DENMARK

Denmark prolongs control measures on border with Germany and toughens its migration law
It is said that in response to the migrant crisis, Denmark toughened its migration laws and temporarily reinstated border controls. Interim control measures on the border with Germany have been now extended for another six months until 12th November , the Danish Ministry of Immigration said in a statement in May 2017.
More: https://sputniknews.com/europe/201705111053513317-denmark-migrants-germany-border-control/
 
29.03.2017 ITALY 

New Law Addressing Unaccompanied Minors in Italy
After a long negotiation period, a new law addressing unaccompanied minors (UAMs) went into effect in Italy on March 29th.  The main goal of the new law is to increase UAMs’ protections and defend their rights.  The first reform regards the reception system.  Specifically: minors’ refoulement is always forbidden; expulsion is possible (as foreseen by current laws) but only if it does not cause “a risk of serious damage for minors”. In addition, a new provision concerning the decision must be made within 30 days; the time a minor can be detained in reception facilities (related to first-aid provisions) decreases from 60 to 30 days; specific reception facilities are indicated to them to better meet their needs; only one procedure can be provided to identify minors and it must be fulfilled within 10 days (no time limit was given until now). This procedure is aimed to verify the minors’ age in order to implement policies addressed to them. more>>>
 
7.03.2017, Hungary

UNHCR concerns by plans to change the law in Hungary

On 7th of March a new law which has been voted at the Hungarian Parliament. UNHCR is deeply concerned at a new law which foresees the mandatory detention of all asylum seekers, including many children, for the entire length of the asylum procedure. In practice, it means that every asylum-seeker, including children, will be detained in centers at the border for extended periods of time.
http://www.unhcr.org/news/briefing/2017/3/58be80454/unhcr-deeply-concerned-hungary-plans-detain-asylum-seekers.html
 

31.01.2017, Poland

Changes in the Law on Granting Protection to Foreigners in Poland

The new Amendments to the Law on Protection proposed on the 31st of January will change dramatically the process of applying for asylum in Poland. The most important changes are the introduction of simplified “border procedures” in which the asylum application will be submitted at the border and investigated within 28 days during which asylum seekers will be waiting in detention centers situated at the borderline.  There is, however, a list of people to whom “border procedures” will not be applied: victims of torture (if recognized by the border guards), foreigners with critical heath situations which prevents them from staying in the detention center, disabled migrants and unaccompanied minors. The Amendment is clear in this regard, but little is known about the procedure in practice. The second major change is the creation of a list of “safe countries of origin” and “safe third-countries” meaning that applications of asylum seekers originating from or traversing this country may be automatically examined within the “border procedure”. The list of “safe countries” will be introduced by the Prime Minister and renewed every two years. However, the proposition of the list of the countries that are to be declared “safe” is still unknown.
https://www.mswia.gov.pl/pl/aktualnosci/15698,Po-pierwsze-bezpieczenstwo-projekt-zmian-w-zasadach-udzielania-ochrony-cudzoziem.html

 
26.01.2017, Slovenia 

​Worrying Changes in the Act on Foreigners in Slovenia
On 26th of January 2017 the Slovenian National Assemly adopted the new Act on Foreigners. Especially problematic are the two articles - Article 10a (changed circumstances in the field of migration) and Article 10b (measures in case of changed circumstances in the field of migration) - which will give the National Assembly in the case of "changed circumstances" a power to close borders for refugees and prohibit them to apply for asylum.
The main concerns raised by the changes of Act on Foreigners are described here: http://www.mirovni-institut.si/en/ten-reasons-why-the-draft-amendments-to-the-aliens-act-violate-slovenian-constitution-and-international-law/
New Act on Foreigners: http://www.pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=ZAKO5761